Since its initial release in 2002, ASP.NET has been updated by Microsoft at regular intervals. But Microsoft completely revamped the web framework in late 2014. In addition to making it open source, Microsoft further made it available for Mac OS X and Linux. The version 5 of ASP.NET also comes with several new features and enhancements to effectuate development of websites, mobile sites, internet applications, web services and web API. The new features also make ASP.NET one of the most demanded web frameworks in 2015.
Features that Make ASP.NET 5 One of the Most Demanded Web Frameworks
Three Runtimes: The developers have option to run ASP.NET 5 on three different runtimes, i.e., full .NET CLR, Core CLR, and Cross-Platform CLR. As the default runtime for Visual Studio projects, the full .NET CLR allows developers to use the entire API set, and maintain backward compatibility. As a cloud-optimized runtime, Core CLR enables programmers to build applications by including only the required features. The Cross-Platform CLR is the runtime for non-Windows platforms like Linux and Mac OS X. It enables developers to run ASP.NET applications on Mac and Linux devices.
A Unified Programming Framework: ASP.NET 5 comes with a unified programming model called MVC 6. The unified programming model makes it easier for developers to implement Web Pages, MVC and Web API together. The developers can now use MVC 6 to create application without reconciling three different programming frameworks. The unified programming framework further significantly reduces the duplication and inconsistencies.
Cloud Ready: While creating an ASP.NET 5 project, the developers have option to configure it to deploy to the cloud. Instead of using the web.config file, they can use the new environment configuration system provide by Visual Studio. The new environment configuration system can read values from XML, JSON, and environmental variables. So after deployment, the application can correctly read the value specified for each environment. The programmers can further use the diagnostic and tracing tools to identify and fix the issues associated with deploying an application in the cloud.
Host Agnostic: ASP.NET 5 comes with a new modular HTTP request pipeline that makes it host agnostic. The pipeline is optimized to effectuate deployment of the application on multiple platforms including Internet Information Services (IIS), Kestrel server, Open Web Interface for .Net (OWIN) based server, and self-hosted in a custom process. The ASP.NET 5 applications, however, do not talk directly to the web server. As feature interfaces like IApplicationBuilder are used to accomplish the host agnosticism, the applications can switch seamlessly from one host to another.
Dynamic Compilation: Visual Studio 2015 used Roslyn compiler to allow developers to take advantage of dynamic compilation. The feature enables programmers to see the impact of changes made to the code without rebuilding the project. They can simply modify the code, save the changes, and refresh the web browser to see code changes. In addition to using code editors, the developers can also switch from the interface to writing command line scripts and vice versa. The dynamic compilation feature further makes code writers more efficient and productive.
No Need to Modify Existing Applications: Despite revamping ASP.NET completely, Microsoft does not require organizations to rewrite their existing applications. ASP.NET 5 does not require users to port or update their legacy applications. The new .NET framework fully supports the applications developed using Web Pages 3, Web Forms, MVC 5, SignalR 2 or Web API 2. However, the organizations can update their application to take advantages of the new features of ASP.NET 5.
Microsoft has made ASP.NET accessible to small and local businesses by making it open source. As a free web framework, ASP.NET 5 helps businesses in reducing project overheads. At the same time, its features help developers in curtailing the amount of time and efforts required for building modern applications. To get maximum benefits of .Net, you may consider hiring services of a asp.net development company.
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