The web developers across the world use ASP.NET to build dynamic websites and web applications by availing the benefits of Common Language Runtime (CLR). CLR enables programmers to write code using programming language they are familiar with. Further, the ASP.NET developers have option to choose from two distinct models, i.e., Web Forms and ASP.NET MVC. As an architectural pattern Model-View-Controller (MVC) is used by some of the widely using programming languages including Java.
Thus, Microsoft has designed the model to complement the most recent trends in web development. Under this pattern, the business rules are handled by Model, and remain independent of logic and data. The user interaction and input logic are handled by Controller, whereas the View represents the model data output. The web programmers can avail a number of additional features by using ASP.NET MVC instead of conventional ASP.NET.
Why ASP.NET MVC Scores over ASP.NET?
1. A Common Controller: ASP.NET renders page layout by using the Page controller pattern. The pattern requires each page to have its own controller or code behind file. But ASP.NET MVS processes client requests through Front Controller approach. Thus, a single controller can be used for all pages and processing all requests. The common controller further makes it easier for developers to optimize the web application by using a rich routing infrastructure.
2. Separation of Business Logic and Presentation: As each ASP.NET page has its own controller or code behind files, it must be coupled tightly with the code behind file, i.e., .cs, .vb or .aspx. So the programmers do not have any scope the keep the business rules and presentation separate. So many developer use ASP.NET MVC to make the logic and data independent of business rules.
3. Cleaner Output: While creating Web Forms applications, developers use view state to achieve stateful behavior of the application. The excessively large view state often increases the size of a web page, and hence create problem for the developers. But the stateless nature of ASP.NET MVC does not require programmers to use the concept of view state. The absence of view state in ASP.NET MVC further contributes towards generating cleaner output.
4. Facilitates Test-Driven Development: The tight coupling of web pages and their respective code behind files makes it difficult for developers to automate the internet application testing. But ASP.NET MVC makes test automation simpler by keeping business rules separate from data and presentation. The feature further makes it easier for enterprises to adopt test-driven development approach by writing test scripts for individual modules.
6. Easy to Divide Complex Projects: ASP.NET was designed with features to complement the needs of small scale internet applications. The enterprises can deploy a small team of developers to build Web Form applications without any hassle. But the approach lacks the features required to complement the needs of large scale web application development projects. Nowadays, most companies deploy several teams to complete the large scale projects on time. Many organizations even work with distributed teams working from different geographical locations. ASP.NET MVC comes with the features and capabilities required to develop large and complex web application in a distributed environment.
Despite offering a number of additional benefits, ASP.NET MVC is not a replacement of ASP.NET Web Forms. A developer has option to choose any of the two models according to the nature and needs of his project. To get maximum benefits of .Net, you may consider hiring services of a certified .net application development company.